Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)

Communication is a vital part of your child’s development, allowing them to express their needs, thoughts, and feelings. But what if your child has difficulty speaking or understanding language? This is where Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) comes in. 

AAC methods and tools are designed to help children who struggle with traditional speech to communicate effectively.  

What is Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)?

Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) is a way for children with communication difficulties to express themselves. It involves using different methods and tools to help your child communicate when speech alone is challenging. AAC can be helpful for children with conditions such as autism, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, and other speech impairments.

Types of AAC for Your Child:

  • Picture-Based Systems: Picture-based systems use pictures or symbols to represent words or ideas. Your child can use these pictures to communicate their thoughts, needs, or wants. For example, they may point to a picture of a drink when they are thirsty.
  • Communication Boards and Books: These are simple boards or books with words, symbols, or pictures arranged on them. Your child can point to the words or pictures to express themselves. It helps them choose what they want to say.
  • Speech-Generating Devices: These devices are like special computers or tablets that can talk for your child. They have buttons or touchscreens with pictures or words. When your child selects a picture or types a word, the device says it out loud. It helps your child communicate with others.
  • Sign Language: Sign language uses hand movements, facial expressions, and body language to convey meaning. Your child can learn sign language to communicate with others. It can be especially helpful for children with hearing impairments or those who find it challenging to use spoken language.

How AAC Can Benefit Your Child:

  • Improved Communication Skills: AAC helps your child express themselves and understand others better. It can expand their vocabulary, help them form sentences, and develop their language skills.
  • Social Interaction and Inclusion: AAC gives your child a way to interact and play with others. It helps them make friends, join conversations, and feel included in social activities. It reduces feelings of isolation and boosts their confidence.
  • Academic Success: AAC supports your child’s learning in school. It helps them participate in classroom activities, follow instructions, and communicate with teachers and classmates. It also supports their reading and writing skills.
  • Empowerment and Independence: AAC gives your child a voice and helps them become more independent. It allows them to make choices, express their opinions, and advocate for themselves. It boosts their self-esteem and helps them become more confident communicators.

Supporting Your Child's AAC Journey:

  • Talk to Professionals: Consult with speech-language pathologists and other professionals who specialize in AAC. They can assess your child’s needs and guide you in choosing the most suitable AAC methods and tools.
  • Practice and Patience: Learning to use AAC takes time and practice. Encourage your child to use AAC consistently and be patient as they develop their skills. Offer praise and support along the way.
  • Create Communication Opportunities: Incorporate AAC into everyday activities. Encourage your child to use AAC during playtime, meals, and outings. This helps them practice and reinforces their communication skills.
  • Collaborate with Others: Share information about your child’s AAC system with family members, teachers, and caregivers. Teach them how to use it and encourage their support. Consistency across different environments enhances your child’s communication success.